TEN-T, Trans European Transport Networks : European Commission


Corridoi ferroviari alpini :

Magistrale für Europa (asse Parigi-Strasburgo-Monaco-Vienna-Budapest) : Initiative "Magistrale für Europa"

FERRMED (asse Algeciras-Valencia-Barcellona-Marsiglia-Lione-Metz-Duisburg) : FERRMED Great Axis Network

the Baltic-Adriatic transport axis :

  • BATCo, Baltic-Adriatic Axis (Amt der Kärntner Landesregierung, Klagenfurt). Portale.

  • IHS – Institute for Advanced Studies, IKK-ZT GmbH, ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG, ZTL Zentrum für Transportwirtschaft und Logistik, Baltic-Adriatic-Axis. Macroeconomic evaluation as part of the expanded cost-benefit analysis for rail. Final Report. ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG, Vienna, September 2011, 142 p. [formato PDF, 6,22]. "An expansion of the Baltic-Adriatic Axis into an efficient, continuous rail connection will provide sustainable economic stimuli for Austria, as well as for all other regions along the axis, as this expanded cost-benefit analysis for rail clearly shows. In this way, the expansion of the Baltic-Adriatic Axis in Austria, with the projects of the Pottendorfer Line, Stadlau-Marchegg, the new Semmering Railway basic tunnel and Koralm Railway as well as railway station modernisations in Bruck/Mur and Graz main train station at an investment total of 8.46 billion EURO (according to overall economic plan 2011-2016, not valorised, present value including reinvest and other values is 6.03 billion EURO) will provide an additional value to the Austrian national economy of about 9.5 billion EURO during the construction phase and about 5.5 billion EURO during the operational phase. This means an average of 4,000 workplaces during the construction phase respectively 15,000 additional, sustainably assured workplaces during the operational phase. The fiscal returns amount to approx.. 5.3 billion EURO, whereby 3.6 billion EURO will be generated during the construction phase and 1.7 billion EURO during the operational phase (evaluation of the microeconomic effects at a real interest rate of 3.56%, evaluation of the national economic effects at a real interest rate of 2.5%). For the other EU regions along the Baltic-Adriatic Axis, an additional added value of about 5.8 billion EURO and 31,000 new workplaces are pending from the commissioning of the developed Austrian project. The fundamental point of this positive effect is the connection of the growing industrial regions in Poland and in the Baltic region with the traditionally strong economic region of Northern Italy. By networking economic regions, which have historically been separated, the trade and service flows within the EU will be intensified."

  • Maciej Stajniak (Institute of Logistics and Warehousing, Poznan), Technically-infrastructural conditionings of the realization of intermodal transport connecting the Baltic Sea with the Adriatic Sea. LogForum, Electronic Scientific Journal of Logistics, 4 (2008), 1, 3 (8 p.) [formato PDF, 320 kB] "Free intermodal transport of loads between the Baltic Sea and the Adriatic Sea is possible under the condition that the transport infrastructure in each country is described by the same technical parameters. Unfortunately, the existing infrastructure was shaped by the countries' supreme decisions and regulated by laws for sustainable transport development in corridors of a special meaning to EU transport development. The study presents technical - infrastructural barriers for intermodal transport in each country."

  • Harald Eicher (Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz), Kärnten und die Baltisch-Adriatische Verkehrsachse. Der Schräge Durchgang und Kärnten (Teil 1), Kärntner Landesregierung, Klagenfurt, 2006, 26 p. [formato PDF, 5,58].

  • Harald Eicher (Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz), Kärnten und die Baltisch-Adriatische Verkehrsachse. Der Schräge Durchgang und Kärnten. (Teil 2), Kärntner Landesregierung, Klagenfurt, 2006, 32 p. [formato PDF, 4,17 MB].


European Court of Auditors (Corte dei Conti Europea), A European high-speed rail network: not a reality but an ineffective patchwork. Special Report N. 19/2018. European Court of Auditors, Luxembourg, 2018, 103 p. [formato PDF, 9,1 MB]. "Since 2000, the EU has been investing €23.7 billion into high speed rail infrastructure. There is no realistic long term EU plan for high speed rail, but an ineffective patchwork of national lines not well linked since the European Commission has no legal tools and no powers to force Member States to build lines as agreed. Cost-efficiency is at stake, because not everywhere very high speed lines are needed, as the cost per minute of saved travel time is very high, going up to €369 million, and as the average speeds only amount to 45 % of the maximum capacity, while cost overruns and construction delays are the norm rather than the exception. Sustainability is low, effectiveness of the investments is lacking and EU added value is at risk with three out of seven completed lines having low passenger numbers leading to a high risk of ineffective spending of €2.7 billion EU co-funding. Moreover, nine out of 14 lines and stretches have insufficient high numbers of passengers, and 11 000 national rules still exist, although the Court already asked in 2010 to lift these technical and administrative barriers."

Stef Proost, Fay Dunkerley, Saskia Van der Loo, Nicole Adler, Johannes Broecker, Artem Korzhenevych, Do the selected Trans European transport investments pass the Cost Benefit test?. January 2010, 22 p. [formato PDF, 394 kB]. "This paper assesses the economic justification for the selection of priority projects defined under the auspices of the Trans-European transport network. In analyzing the current list of 30 priority projects, we apply three different transport models to undertake a cost-benefit comparison. We find that many projects do not pass the cost-benefit test and only a few of the economically justifiable projects would need European subsidies to make them happen. Two remedies are proposed to minimize the inefficiencies in future project selection. The first remedy obliges each member state or group of states to perform a cost-benefit analysis (followed by a peer review) and to make the results public prior to ranking priority projects. The second remedy would require federal funding to be available only for projects with important spillovers to other countries, in order to avoid pork barrel behaviour."

Economic Commission for Europe, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Joint Study on Developing Euro-Asian Transport Linkages. United Nations, New York and Geneva, February 2008, 218 p. [formato PDF, 7,60 MB]. "The elaboration of an in-house study was foreseen at the outset of the project. The study was intended to contribute to the formulation of an integrated transport network linking ECE and ESCAP regions, including SPECA countries, on the basis of country information and existing international transport networks under the general project’s title “Identification and formulation of interregional transport linkages and corridors”. The study presents an in-depth evaluation of major land and land-cum-sea transport corridors between Asia and Europe and attempts to determine their potential viability. Country reports on highway, railway, and inland water transport networks and with relevant details on seaport connections for multimodal transport operations were prepared by the National Focal Points on the basis of the general work description and a uniform questionnaire."

Scott Wilson Business Consultancy, Studio Strategico per lo Sviluppo del Corridoio Pan-europeo V (Progetto Prioritario Numero 6). Rapporto finale. London, Settembre 2007, 72 p. [formato PDF, 1,16 MB].

European Round Table of Industrialists, Missing links. Upgrading Europe's transborder ground transport infrastructure: a report for the Roundtable of European Industrialists. Paris, 1984, 48 p. [formato PDF, 7,40 MB].

Ministero delle Infrastrutture e Trasporti, Schede illustrative dello stato di attuazione della direttrice ferroviaria e autostradale (del corridoio paneuropeo multimodale di trasporto V). 8 p. [formato PDF, 400KB]. [documento eliminato dal sito del Ministero].