VALUTAZIONE D'IMPATTO AMBIENTALE / EIA (con casi italiani della Legge Obiettivo)

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Emily Riley, Patrick Harris, Jennifer Kent, Peter Sainsbury, Anna Lane, Fran Baum, Including Health in Environmental Assessments of Major Transport Infrastructure Projects: A Documentary Analysis, Int J Health Policy Manag 2017, 6(x), 1-11 (10 p.) [formato PDF, 630 kB]. Open Access. Background: Transport policy and practice impacts health. Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) are regulated public policy mechanisms that can be used to consider the health impacts of major transport projects before they are approved. The way health is considered in these environmental assessments (EAs) is not well known. This research asked: How and to what extent was human health considered in EAs of four major transport projects in Australia. Methods: We developed a comprehensive coding framework to analyse the Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) of four transport infrastructure projects: three road and one light rail. The coding framework was designed to capture how health was directly and indirectly included. Results: We found that health was partially considered in all four EISs. In the three New South Wales (NSW) projects, but not the one South Australian project, this was influenced by the requirements issued to proponents by the government which directed the content of the EIS. Health was assessed using human health risk assessment (HHRA). We found this to be narrow in focus and revealed a need for a broader social determinants of health approach, using multiple methods. The road assessments emphasised air quality and noise risks, concluding these were minimal or predicted to improve. The South Australian project was the only road project not to include health data explicitly. The light rail EIS considered the health benefits of the project whereas the others focused on risk. Only one project considered mental health, although in less detail than air quality or noise. Conclusion: Our findings suggest EIAs lag behind the known evidence linking transport infrastructure to health. If health is to be comprehensively included, a more complete model of health is required, as well as a shift away from health risk assessment as the main method used. This needs to be mandatory for all significant developments. We also found that considering health only at the EIA stage may be a significant limitation, and there is a need for health issues to be considered when earlier, fundamental decisions about the project are being made."


Ministero dell'Ambiente (Italia), Valutazione di Impatto Ambientale. "il Ministero dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare, al fine di facilitare e promuovere il coinvolgimento del pubblico nel processo decisionale, ha predisposto la pubblicazione on-line della documentazione tecnico-amministrativa fornita dai Proponenti, e degli atti prodotti dalle Commissioni VIA e dal Ministero stesso."

Environmental Impact Assessment, sito della Commissione Europea (in inglese), documenti anche in italiano

EEA (Agenzia Europea per l’Ambiente)

SINAnet, Rete nazionale di informazione in campo ambientale (I)

Agenzie regionali in Italia

Umweltbundesamt (D)

SEPA, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency

EPA, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Transportation and Air Quality)

Sono disponibili le relazioni al convegno T&E di Vienna (27-28 ottobre 2004) Conference on Sustainable Transport in Sensitive Areas sul sito T&E I temi sono: traffico merci e aree sensibili, esempi dalle Alpi e dai Pirenei, la Convenzione delle Alpi, il trasporto intermodale, il trasferimento del trasporto merci dalla strada alla rotaia, la tassazione del trasporto su camion (esempi dalla Svizzera e dall’Austria), le infrastrutture stradali in Slovenia e Repubblica Ceca, la VIA strategica, ed altro ancora.


Ángel Muñoz Cubillo, Modificaciones y desarrollo de la normativa de Evaluación Ambiental. La Evaluación Ambiental Estratégica. Jornada sobre Evaluación de Impacto Ambiental de las Infraestructuras en el Medio Natural, Madrid, 24 de junio de 2009, 96 slides [formato PDF, 1,58 MB].

Strategic Environmental Assessment Network. The OECD DAC ENVIRONET Task Team on SEA was established in 2004 under the Network on Environment and Development Cooperation (ENVIRONET) – a subsidiary body of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC). This website provides several SEA resources and the outputs of the Task Team.

SUP Strategische Umweltprüfung (sito dell'Ufficio Federale per l’Ambiente dell'Austria dedicato alla VAS, contiene documenti relativi a casi di VAS su infrastrutture di trasporto)

European Commission, DG TREN, The SEA manual. A sourcebook on Strategic Environmental Assessment of transport infrastructure plans and programmes. BEACON manual, 2005, 89 p. + Fact sheets 71 p. [formato PDF, 1,45 + 1,29 MB]. "This Sourcebook aims at giving support to those involved and/or interested in strategic environmental assessment (SEA) processes in transport plan and programme making within the relevant policy frameworks. It aims at a wide readership in all EU member states. Therefore, it is written in a generic manner, revolving around the effective implementation of the Directive on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment (2001/42/EC), or in short ‘SEA Directive’. In this context, and in the spirit of the Directive, the Sourcebook does not only elaborate on the procedural stages to be followed and impacts to be addressed, it also explores the right context conditions for the effective application of SEA, the tasks to be fulfilled in specific strategic situations and the use of suitable methods and techniques. The Sourcebook works on the assumption that SEA does not only aim at providing planners and decision makers with relevant information on environmental aspects in strategic planning and decision making, but that it also strives at functioning as an instrument for social learning among those involved in strategic planning and decision processes through participation and involvement. Ultimately, it is hoped that this may influence organizational culture, leading to greater environmental awareness and more environmentally sustainable decisions."

Håkan Stripple, Martin Erlandsson, Methods and Possibilities for Application of Life Cycle Assessment in Strategic Environmental Assessment of Transport Infrastructures. (IVL report 1661). IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Stockholm, May 2004, 30 p. [formato PDF, 405 KB].

European Conference of Ministers of Transport, Strategic Environmental Assessment for Transport, OECD, Paris, 2000, 89 p. [formato PDF, 1,12 MB]. "Environmental impact assessments are an essential component of making decisions on transport infrastructure investments. Traditional procedures have proved ineffective for impacts that go beyond the scope of projects in isolation. Strategic environmental assessment has emerged in response, to address large scale effects including impacts on traffic across networks, impacts on climate change and biodiversity and the impacts of policy decisions as opposed simply to individual projects. This report examines recent experience in developing environmental assessment internationally and makes recommendations on maximising the effectiveness of this new tool."



Linea AV/AC Ronchi-Trieste osservazioni di Legambiente (file pdf)

Progetto di terza corsia dell’autostrada A4 Venezia-Trieste osservazioni di Legambiente (file pdf)

Linea AV/AC Ronchi-Trieste e progetto di terza corsia dell’autostrada A4 Venezia-Trieste osservazioni del WWF

“Penetrazione Nord” a Trieste (autostrada urbana) sito dedicato ai progetti di infrastrutture in provincia di Trieste e Gorizia

Terza corsia dell’autostrada A4 Venezia - Trieste osservazioni preliminari dei Comuni del mandamento di Monfalcone (file pdf)

Superstrada Sequals-Gemona osservazioni di Legambiente (file pdf)


Collegamento ferroviario Torino-Lione osservazioni sulla procedura di VIA, Legambiente Valsusa (file pdf)

Tangenziale di Cuneo osservazioni sul progetto preliminare e connesso studio di impatto ambientale (file .doc) 07/07/2003