The Automotive Policy Research Centre (APRC) is a policy research partnership that focuses on maintaining a competitive and sustainable Canadian automotive industry in an increasingly challenging global marketplace (McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada).


Christian Gudbrandsen Sivertsen, Jonas Lunden, Mobility 2.0: Sustainable Business Models for the Automotive Industry : Identifying sustainable sale-of-service mobility business models, utilizing alternative powertrains and autonomous technology. Master's thesis in Business Administration, University of Agder, 2016, 117 p. [formato PDF, 4,4 MB]. "The aim of this study is to identify and develop sustainable mobility business models (BMs) for the automotive industry. This is a response to an analysis of the opportunities and limitations of new technology and carsharing BMs occurring alongside emerging industry challenges. The traditional automotive industry BM has remained, thereabouts, unchanged for more than a century. Exploration in this paper determinesAth to enable future sustainability, industry changes must occur. The current traditional BM is struggling with changing market characteristics and appears inadequate to adopt new environmental technologies (e.g. electric vehicle, autonomous and hydrogen powered cars). The utilization of a literature analysis approach enables the execution of a highly up-to-date and comprehensive investigation. Literature is used to help identify current industry challenges and present emerging technologies that new BMs need to successfully resolve and utilize respectively. This thesis paper further presents and explores the essential BM theories used in analysis and BM generation. Moreover, there is focus on solving the unsustainability of car ownership, such as by equipping a sale-of-service approach used by carsharing services in order to develop sustainable mobility BMs. The main focus of this thesis is the analysis of opportunities and limitations that identify features necessary for sustainable mobility BMs. The main findings are two different mobility BMs, which we argue are adequate in concern to the adoption of new technologies and are advantageous in relation to the industry challenges. This thesis presents an autonomous BM that is applicable for urban, densely populated areas, and operates like today's free-floating carsharing services. The second sustainable BM found in this study utilized the sale-of-service characteristics of carsharing, operating in a similar fashion as regular ownership. The analysis is thereby used to develop one BM for autonomous, urban carsharing and one BM for a sustainable ownership-substitute. Both models adopt electric or hydrogen fuel-cell power train technology and utilize the industry challenges as opportunities for growth."

Philipp Späth, Harald Rohracher, Alanus von Radecki, Incumbent Actors as Niche Agents: The German Car Industry and the Taming of the "Stuttgart E-Mobility Region". Sustainability 2016, 8(3), 252 (16 p.) [formato PDF, 1,6 MB]. Open Access. "The system of mobility currently faces severe challenges. Particularly in cities, strategic interventions are made to support a transition towards sustainable mobility. Incumbent actors from the car industry are often invited to play a key role in such initiatives. The Stuttgart region is supported with public money to become a model region of sustainable mobility because it is base to key actors of the German car industry. This paper examines the locus of agency in such a "transition arena". How do key actors frame the challenge of sustainable mobility? What role is attributed to public policy at various governance levels and to the "local" industry, respectively? In the case of the Stuttgart region, we find a high ability of key industry actors to reframe transition initiatives for sustainable mobility and align public policy with their interests-particularly in local, i.e., place-bound contexts. This underlines the need for transition studies to pay more attention to the agency of incumbent actors and their capacity to absorb sustainable alternatives without changing dominant industry structures."

On the Road to the Circular Car. How car component suppliers can become future-proof by applying circular economy principles. ABN AMRO, Circle Economy, Amsterdam, July 2016, 28 p. [formato PDF, 4,4 MB]. "Together with ABN AMRO, Circle Economy has investigated the trends in consumer demands and how car component suppliers can stay ahead of the curve by applying circular strategies to meet them. This report showcases examples of leading circular innovators and provides recommendations on how to future-proof the Dutch automotive industry with circular business strategies."

Erskin Blunck (Nüertingen-Geislingen University), Germany BMW's Sustainability Strategy of Evolution and Revolution towards a Circular Economy, in Anbumozhi, V. and J. Kim (eds.), Towards a Circular Economy: Corporate Management and Policy Pathways. ERIA Research Project Report 2014-44, Jakarta: ERIA, pp.83-101. September 2016 (21 p.) [formato PDF, 948 kB].

Patrick Galvin, Elena Goracinova and David Wolfe (University of Toronto), Recent Trends in Manufacturing Innovation Policy for the Automotive Sector: A Survey of the US, Mexico, EU, Germany, and Spain. APRC (Automotive Policy Research Centre, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, October 2014, 137 p. [formato PDF, 1,6 MB].